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Cocaine, Amphetamine, Coke, MDMA, Meth, Crack, Weed, HASH, XTC, Ecstasy - order drugs in Lyre (Ireland). We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Illustration of lyre lyre 1. Ekdotike Athinon, Athensp.

Statistics for lyre Look-up Popularity. Some specialists even argue that instruments such as the violin and guitar belong to a class apart from the lyre because they have no yokes or uprights surmounting their resonators as "true" lyres have. Comments on lyre What made you want to look up lyre? According to ancient Greek mythologythe young god Hermes stole a herd of sacred cows from Apollo. The thicker the border, the more information. The lyre of classical antiquity was ordinarily played by being strummed with a plectrum picklike a guitar or a zitherrather than being plucked with the fingers as with a harp. The deepest note was that farthest from the player's body; since the strings did not differ much in length, more weight may have been gained for the deeper notes by thicker strings, as in the violin and similar modern instruments, or they were tuned by having a slacker tension. Pindar himself made use of the heptachord, though in his time an eighth string had been added. It was held in the right hand to set the upper strings in vibration; when not in use, it hung from the instrument by a ribbon. They had been introduced from Asia Minor, and their number of strings far exceeded that the lyre, for we know that some had a compass of two octaves, and others had even twenty strings, so that they must have more resembled a modern harp than a lyre Bode, Gesch. The sarcophagus was used during the Mycenaean occupation of Crete c. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. In medieval Europe new varieties of lyre emerged that, like the kithara, were box lyres, although their precise relation to the lyres of classical antiquity is not known. There were two ways of tuning: Apollo offered to trade the herd of cattle for the lyre. The heptachord introduced by Terpander henceforth continued to be most commonly used by the Greeks as well as subsequently by the Romans, though in the course of time many additions and improvements were made which are described below. There can scarcely be any doubt that this and similar instruments were used by the Eastern nations and by the Egyptians, long before the Greeks became acquainted with them, and that they were introduced among the Greeks from Asia Minor Wilkinson's Manners and Cust. Those specialists maintain that the zither is distinguished by strings spread across all or most of its soundboard, or the top surface of its sound-chest, also called soundbox or resonator, as opposed to the lyre, whose strings emanate from a more or less common point off the soundboard, such as a tailpiece. Terpander in forming his heptachord, in reality added a new tetrachord to the ancient one, but left out the third string of the latter, as there was between it and the fourth only an interval of a semi-tone. Jazz, musical form, often improvisational, developed by African Americans and influenced by both European…. The Greeks themselves however attributed the invention of the lyre to Hermes, who is said to have formed the instrument of a tortoise-shell, over which he placed gut-strings Hom. The difference between the two instruments is described above; the lyre had a great and full-sounding bottom, which continued as before to be made generally of a tortoise-shell, from which, as Lucian Dial. Sumerian lyres were tuned by wooden wedges inserted into the winding bulges. Greek lyres fell into two types, exemplified by the lyra and kithara. The earliest picture of a lyre with seven strings appears in the famous sarcophagus of Hagia Triada a Minoan settlement in Crete. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. This indicates the possibility that the lyre might have existed in one of Greece's neighboring countries, either ThraceLydiaor Egyptand was introduced into Greece at pre-classic times. The strings run from a tailpiece on the bottom or front of the instrument to the crossbar. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lyres. It was held in the right hand to set the upper strings in vibration; when not in use, it hung from the instrument by a ribbon. A classical lyre has a hollow body or sound-chest also known as soundbox or resonatorwhich, in ancient Greek tradition, was made out of turtle shell. Box lyres are instruments having a boxlike wooden body with a wooden soundboard; in some instances the arms are hollow extensions of the body, as in the ancient Greek kithara. First Known Use of lyre 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1. The cultural peak of ancient Egyptand thus the possible age of the earliest instruments of this type, predates the 5th century classic Greece. Time Traveler for lyre The first known use of lyre was in the 13th century See more words from the same century. This is the principle on which the modern violin and guitar work. Help us improve this article! And is one way more correct than the others? The lyre has given its name to a species of poetry called lyric; this kind of poetry was originally never recited or sung without the accompaniment of the lyre, and sometimes also of an appropriate dance. Lyres Ancient Greek musical instruments Ancient Roman musical instruments Early musical instruments English musical instruments. This section possibly contains original research. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

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We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Translation of lyre for Spanish Speakers. First Known Use of lyre 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1. Thank you for your feedback. Time Traveler for lyre The first known use of lyre was in the 13th century See more words from the same century. Tuning pegs replaced the wound thongs of the ancient lyres. The last of the bowed yoke lyres with fingerboard was the "modern" c. Both however had in most cases no more than seven strings. The lyre was considered as a more manly instrument than the citharawhich, on account of its smaller-sounding bottom, excluded full-sounding and deep tones, and was more calculated for the middle tones. Those specialists maintain that the zither is distinguished by strings spread across all or most of its soundboard, or the top surface of its sound-chest, also called soundbox or resonator, as opposed to the lyre, whose strings emanate from a more or less common point off the soundboard, such as a tailpiece. Lyres Greece In musical instrument: Typically ornamented with a carved bull on one side, the Sumerian lyres were played in upright position with the fingers of both hands. Illustrated Guide to the Museum. According to some traditions, the half-bird, half-woman Sirens were born from the union of Melpomene with the river god…. Like a violin, this method shortened the vibrating length of the string to produce higher tones, while releasing the finger gave the string a greater vibrating length, thereby producing a tone lower in pitch. SumerIraqBronze age. Translation of lyre for Arabic Speakers Britannica. It was their constant practice to represent the strings as being damped by the fingers of the left hand of the player, after having been struck by the plectrum held in the right hand. Plucked lyres in which rattling pebbles are placed survive among the Ostyak and Vogul, Finno-Ugric peoples of Siberia. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Thank You for Your Contribution! Read More on This Topic. The lyre is similar in appearance to a small harp but with distinct differences. Thus, in ancient Greece the lyre was said to have been invented by the god Hermes, who handed it on to his brother Apollo as part of a bargain. African bowl lyres vary from the Ethiopian masonquo and krar to the ndongo and odi of Uganda and similar instruments in the Congo region. Resources for lyre Time Traveler! Please try again later. Translation of lyre Nglish: Some specialists even argue that instruments such as the violin and guitar belong to a class apart from the lyre because they have no yokes or uprights surmounting their resonators as "true" lyres have. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. SumerIraqBronze age. Thank you for your feedback. Lyres Ancient Greek musical instruments Ancient Roman musical instruments Early musical instruments English musical instruments. This indicates the possibility that the lyre might have existed in one of Greece's neighboring countries, either ThraceLydiaor Egyptand was introduced into Greece at pre-classic times. Translation of lyre for Spanish Speakers Britannica English: This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Apart from the trumpet, the only wind instrument in normal use in Greece was the aulosa double-reed instrument akin to the modern oboe. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. The accuracy of this representation cannot be insisted upon, the vase painters being little mindful of the complete expression of details; yet one may suppose their tendency would be rather to imitate than to invent a number. Thus, in ancient Greece the lyre was said to have been invented by the god Hermes, who handed it on to his brother Apollo as part of a bargain. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. In Greek art her attributes were the tragic mask and the club of Heracles. Those specialists maintain that the zither is distinguished by strings spread across all or most of its soundboard, or the top surface of its sound-chest, also called soundbox or resonator, as opposed to the lyre, whose strings emanate from a more or less common point off the soundboard, such as a tailpiece. Examples of that difference include a piano a keyed zither and a violin referred to by some as a species of fingerboard lyre. See my copyright page for details and contact information.

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